Luís António Martins Ferreira Dias Carlos

Full Professor, Vice-Director CICECO  | Physics Department, University of Aveiro


BSc in Physics, 1982, University of Coimbra.

Ph.D in Physics (Solid State Physics), University of Évora, 1995.

Agregação (‘Habilitation’) in Physics, University of Aveiro, 2004

Full Professor, University of Aveiro (Physics Department), since 2006.


Luminescent nanothermometry

Applications of organic-inorganic hybrids in luminescent solar concentrators, solid-state lighting, and integrated optics

Light emission of organic-inorganic hybrids, silicates, nanocrystals and metal organic frameworks

Crystal-field, local coordination and energy transfer in lanthanide-based compounds

Luminescent, magnetic and luminescent/magnetic nanoparticles as new probes for multimodal


Self-assembly and emergence of complexity in organic/inorganic hybrids


Selected (10) scientific publications


J. Long, M. S. Ivanov, V. A. Khomchenko, J.-M. Thibaud, J. Rouquette, R. A. S. Ferreira, L. D. Carlos, B. Donnadieu, M. S. C. Henriques, J. A. Paixão, Y. Guari, J. Larionova “Room Temperature Magnetoelectric Control of Ferroelectric Domains in a Luminescent Ytterbium(III) Based Complex” Science 367, 671−676 (2020)


 J. F. C. B. Ramalho, S. F. H. Correia, Lianshe Fu, L. C. F. António, C. D. S. Brites, P. S. André, R. A. S. Ferreira, L. D. Carlos “Luminescence thermometry on the route of the mobile-based Internet of Things (IoT): How smart QR codes make it real” Adv. Sci. 6, 1900950 (2019)


C. D. S. Brites, M. Fuertes, P. Angelomé, E. Martínez, P. P. Lima, G. Soler-Illia, L. D. Carlos “Tethering Luminescent Thermometry and Plasmonics: Light Manipulation to Assess Real-Time Thermal Flow in Nanoarchitectures” Nano Lett. 17, 4746−4752 (2017)


C. D. S. Brites, X. Xie, M. L. Debasu, X. Qin, J. Rocha, X. Liu, L. D. Carlos, “Instantaneous Ballistic Velocity of Suspended Brownian Nanocrystals Measured by Upconversion Nanothermometry”, Nature Nanotechnol. 11, 851–856 (2016)


R. Piñol, C. Brites, R. Bustamante, A. Martínez, N. J. O. Silva, J. L. Murillo, R. Cases, J. Carrey, C. Estepa, F. Palacio, L. D. Carlos, A. Millán, “Joining Time-Resolved Thermometry and Magnetic-Induced Heating in a Single Nanoparticle Unveils Intriguing Thermal Properties at the Nanoscale”, ACS Nano, 9, 3134–3142 (2015)


M. L. Debasu, D. Ananias, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, J. Rocha, L. D. Carlos, “All-In-One Optical Heater-Thermometer Nanoplatform Operative From 300 to 2000 K Based on Er3+ Emission and Blackbody Radiation”, Adv. Mater., 25, 4868–4874 (2013)


C. D. S. Brites, P. P. Lima, N. J. O. Silva, A. Millán, V. S. Amaral, F. Palacio, L. D. Carlos, “Thermometry at the Nanoscale”, Nanoscale, 4, 4799–4829 (2012)


C. D. S. Brites, P. P. Lima, N. J. O. Silva, A. Millán, V. S. Amaral, F. Palacio, L. D. Carlos, “A Luminescent Molecular Thermometer for Long-Term Absolute Temperature Measurements at the Nanoscale”, Adv. Mater., 22, 4499–4504 (2010)


L. D. Carlos, R. A. S. Ferreira, V. de Zea Bermudez, S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Lanthanide-Containing Light-Emitting Organic-Inorganic Hybrids: A Bet on the Future”, Adv. Mater., 21, 509–534 (2009)


L. D. Carlos, V. de Zea Bermudez, V. S. Amaral, S. C. Nunes, N. J. O. Silva, R. A. Sá Ferreira, J. Rocha, C. V. Santilli, D. Ostrovskii, “Nanoscopic Photoluminescence Memory as a Fingerprintof Complexity in Self-Assembled Alkylene/Siloxane Hybrids”, Adv. Mater. 19 341–348 (2007)


Professional Affiliations & Memberships

Vice-Director of CICECO - Aveiro Institute of Materials, 2009-2019

Member of the Board of the Physics Department, University of Aveiro, 2010-.


Member of the Scientifc Board of the MAP-Fis PhD programme (joint doctoral programme in Physics of University of Minho, University of Aveiro and University of Porto), 2011-.

Chair of the group responsible for the nomination of professors in the area of sciences, University of Aveiro, 2010-2017.

Director of the MAP-Fis PhD programme (joint doctoral programme in Physics of University of Minho, University of Aveiro and University of Porto), 2010.


Chaiman of the Scientific Board, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, 2004-2008.

Member of the executive committee of the Scientific Council of the University of Aveiro, 2004-2008.

Vice-chair of the Scientific Board, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, 2002-2004.

Pedagogic chair of the BSc in Physical Enginnering, University of Aveiro, 1999-2001.

Member of the Pedagogic Board, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, 1998-2001.

Vice-chair and Member of the Governing Board of the Physics Department, University of Évora, 1995-1996.


Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Rede Nacional de Nanotecnologia Molecular e de Interfaces” (RENAMI), CNPq, Brazil.

Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia de Nanotecnologia Para Marcadores Integrados INCT-INAMI (Edital MCT/CNPq 15/2008), CNPq, Brazil.

Member of Scientific Advisory Board of CeRTEV – Center for Research, Technology and Education in Vitreous Materials, Programme CEPID – Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão, FAPESP, SP, Brazil, 2013-.

Collaborator of the Group of Molecular Optoelectronics, Pontifícia Universidade Católica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2015-.


Najing Tech Visiting Professorship, Nanjing Tech University, P.R. China, 25-11-2016

Correspondent member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences (Physics), 2011-.

Correspondent member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (Chemistry), 2016-.

Special Visiting Researcher scholarship (PVE 313778/2013-2), CNPq, Brazil, Science Without Borders program, 2013.

Prize for Scientific Excellence, Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT), 2004.



Science and Technology of Materials, final reports of research projects, FCT, 2008, 2009, 2014-2016.

Exact Sciences and Engineering, final reports of strategic research projects, FCT, 2014-2015.

Materials science research projects, FCT, 2005-2009.

Ramón y Cajal e Juan de la Cierva programmes (Materials Science), Agencia Nacional de Evaluación y Prospectiva, Spain, 2009.

Bi-lateral cooperation projects, FCT, 2009.

Ph.D/post-doctoral research grants, FCT, 2005, 2011, 2012 (Materials Science) and 2013 (Nanoscience & Nanotechnology).

Ph.D research grants, FCT, 2017 (Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology); 2019 (chair) and 2020 (chair) .

The Research Council for Natural Sciences and Engineering, Academy of Finland,  Materials Science Projects (academy projects, research fellow posts and postdoctoral projects), 2013.

Member of the Organizing Committee of 17 international and 5 national conferences.

Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of 12 international and 3 national conferences.



Reviewer of CNPq, Brazil, 2008 and 2015; State Natural Science Award of the People's Republic of China, 2010; Agence Nationale de la Recherche ANR, France, 2010, 2011, 2014 and 2016; U.S. Department of Energy/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, 2013; National Science Centre, Poland, 2013-2020; MIUR - Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research, 2012-2017; Swiss National Science Foundation, 2015; Czech Science Foundation, 2015; Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL) Research University, 2015; University of Milano Bicocca (Innovation Project Grant call), Italy, 2016, Italian Research and University Evaluation Agency (ANVUR), VQR 2011-2014, 2016; Postdoctorate InterTalentum Project of University Autónoma of Madrid, 2018; University of Calabria; Post-doctoral positions, 2017.

Reviewer of grant application to IUPAC - Inorganic Chemistry Division, 2010; Fundacione Cariplo, Milan, Italy, program Science and Technology Research on Advanced Materials, 2013.

Regular reviewer of leading journals in Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science (e.g., Nano Energy, Nano Letters, Nano Today, Nature Catalysis, Nature Chemistry, Nature Communications, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Photonics, Nature Protocols, Phys. Rev. B, Adv. Sci., Angew. Chem., Adv. Mater., Adv. Func. Mater., Chem. Mater. and J. Mater. Chem.).

Referee for PhD thesis, 65 times.

Referee for nomination of professors, 12 times.

Referee of Professorship position in Physics, University of Minho, 2007, 2009, 2016.

Referee of Professorship position in Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, 2008, 2016.

Referee of Professorship position in Physics/Physical Engineering, University of Aveiro, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019.

Referee of Professorship position in Physics, University of Coimbra, 2018, 2019, 2020

Referee of Professorship position in Physics, University of Porto, 2012, 2017

Referee of Professorship position in Chemistry, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 2017

Referee of Professorship position in Chemistry, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, USA, 2016

Referee of Professorship position in Physics, New University of Lisbon, 2009.

Referee of Professorship position in Physics, University of Lisbon, IST, 2009, 2015

Referee of Professorship position in Physics, KAU, Saudi Arabia, 2013



Physica B – Condensed Matter (Elsevier) , Editor, 2017-.

Frontiers in Chemistry, Associate Editor, 2013-2015; Chief Editor, 2016-.

Journal of Luminescence (Elsevier), Associate Editor, 2014-.

Journal of Rare Earths (Elsevier), Member of the Editorial Board, 2014-.

Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (Springer), Member of the Editorial Board, 2013-.

Sensors (MDPI), Member of the “Section Board” of “Sensor Materials”, 2019-

Journal of Coordination Chemistry (Taylor & Francis), Member of the Editorial Board, 2013-2019.

The Open Physics Journal (Bentham Science Publishers), Member of the Editorial Board, 2012-2017.

Current Physical Chemistry (Bentham Science Publishers), Member of the Editorial Board, 2012-2015.


Luís António Ferreira Martins Dias Carlos (born in Coimbra, Portugal, in 1964) got his PhD in physics from the University of Évora in 1995 working on photoluminescence of polymer electrolytes incorporating lanthanide salts. In 1996 he joined the Department of Physics at the University of Aveiro as Professor Auxiliar. Currently, he is Full Professor. Since 2009 he has been the vice-director of the Centre for Research in Ceramics and Composite Materials (CICECO) at Aveiro, Portugal (with ca. 420 people, CICECO, is one of the largest European institutes in the Materials and Nano fields). He is member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences (Physics section) and Brazilian Academy of Sciences and was visiting professor of S. Paulo State University (UNESP), Araraquara, S.P. Brazil (1999, 2012 and 2013), and of University of Montpellier 2, France (2008).

Luís Carlos has been involved in the mentoring and supervision of students/researchers at different levels. Namely, 6 foreign professors (Brasil and Poland) during sabbatical periods; 26 post-doctoral fellows; 26 PhD students (14 joint degrees with Brazilian (8), French (5) and Spanish (2) universities), 12 M.Sc. and 8 undergraduate students (all grants representing more than 3 M€). He currently supervises 7 post-doctoral associates (1 with Marie-Curie fellows) and 7 PhD students. In the last 14 years, 8 post-doctoral associates and 20 PhD students from 12 different European and American countries carried out their research in Aveiro (2–6 months). The mentored students work as professors (29%) or researchers (43%) in Universities & Research Centres worldwide (UK, France, China, and New Zealand) and as permanent staff in private (national/international) companies (21%); 2 of the students got ERC Consolidator Grants (2018 & 2019).

He is co-author of 484 documents published in peer-reviewed international journals with ca. 22572 citations (Google Scholar) (Scopus, ca. 19083); average 37 citations/paper, >1910 citations in 2019, annual average increase around 10% since 2009. These papers were cited by other authors in top journals, including Nat. Energy, Nat. Nanotech., Nat. Photonics, Phys. Rev. Lett., Adv. Sci., Adv. Mater., Chem. Rev., ACS Nano, Nano Lett., Angew. Chem., or Nat. Commun. These papers were published essentially in Q1/Q2 journals (>94% since 2009, 58% in Q1), including 3, 7, and 60 papers published in journals with IF>37 (1 with ca. 1050 citations), >22, and >9, respectively. He has co-authored ca. 600 communications in international meetings (80 plenary/keynote/invited talks) and was invited to give lectures (>50) in EU and Asian institutions. He has also filed 6 patents – e.g., luminescent molecular thermometers based on organic/inorganic matrices (ES2372683, EP 2447689, US 9,557,227 B2). He was the coordinator of 5 EU projects (2 as consortium coordinator, 1 FET-OPEN), 10 projects financed by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT, Portuguese Science Foundation) and 8 bilateral integrated actions (total founding >7 M€). He participated in 13 European (JOULE, BRITE-EURAM, ECSC steel research program, Marie Curie, COST, NoE, FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN, H2020-MSCA-ITN-2014) and Brazilian (INCT-INAMI) projects and in 27 ones financed by national sources (FCT and regional entities) (total founding > 3 M€, since 2012).


He created in 2000 in Aveiro, Portugal, the research group on photonic hybrids and nanomaterials (Phantom-G). The group (actually with ca. 20 people) was a pioneer in the study of luminescent nanothermometers and organic-inorganic light-emitting hybrids (namely embedding lanthanide centres). In the last decade, the group has established an international network devoting to these topics with more than 30 research groups in Europe (Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Poland, UK, Nederlands), China, Japan, Brazil, Singapore and Australia. Several PhD students have performed joint thesis abroad, Spain (Instituto de Ciencias de Materiales de Aragón, Zaragoza), France (Institut Charles Gerhardt, Montpellier and Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée, Bordeaux) and Brazil (S. Paulo State University). The current scientific interests of the group include nanothermometry, light emission of functional organic-inorganic hybrids, silicates and nanocrystals; applications of hybrid materials in green photonics (solid-state lighting, luminescent solar concentrators and integrated optics), self-assembly and emergence of complexity in organic/inorganic hybrids and luminescent/magnetic nanoparticles as new probes for multimodal imaging.

Contact Information

+351 234 370 946

University of Aveiro, Physics Department, office 13.3.13

by appointment

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